IJMEG Copyright © 2010-present. All rights reserved. Published by e-Century Publishing Corporation, Madison, WI 53711
Int J Mol Epidemiol Genet 2013;4(2):101-108

Original Article
Genetic epidemiology of osteoporosis across four microsatellite markers near
the VDR gene

Mehrunnisa Raje, Chaitali Botre, Richa Ashma

Department of Zoology, University of Pune, Pune - 411 007, Maharashtra, India

Received December 3, 2012; Accepted May 23, 2013; Epub June 25, 2013; Published June 30, 2013

Abstract: The large amount of positive genetic association data in a number of bone diseases suggests functional
consequences of Vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphism. In the present study, four microsatellite markers viz.,
D12S1633, D12S1635, D12S347, and D12S96, that lie in the vicinity of the VDR gene on chromosome 12 were selected to
assess the allele distribution pattern and diversity among three groups of individuals - normal, osteopenia and osteoporosis.
Genetic association study was performed using allele frequency data. Total genomic DNA was isolated from the whole blood
of 226 individuals, after recording their bone mineral density (BMD) using Dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). All DNA samples
were subjected to multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) - genotyping. Allele frequencies and genetic diversity
parameters like - number of alleles, average variance and average heterozygosity across all the four markers among three
groups were computed. Effect of population stratification was excluded by investigating population structure. A trend of
decreasing genetic diversity across four loci from normal to pre- and post-disease condition has been observed. Lesser
recombination rate (θ) indicates linkage between studied microsatellite markers and VDR gene. Statistically significant linkage
disequilibrium was detected for the allele - 22 of locus D12S96 with osteoporosis. A positive association of allele - 22
suggests susceptibility to disease whereas predominance of allele - 27 among non - diseased group implicates its
association with normal bone health. (IJMEG1212002).

Keywords: Genetic diversity, microsatellites, osteopenia, osteoporosis, VDR

Address correspondence to: Richa Ashma, Department of Zoology, University of Pune, Pune - 411 007, Maharashtra, India.
Fax: 91-20-25690617; E-mail: richaashma@unipune.ac.in